1st Stage: Treatment of seedlings before planting. Before planting, the roots of grape seedlings must be processed. This allows you to give a more dynamic and safe start, to activate the processes of adaptation and rooting, to improve the planting material, to strengthen the immunity of the future plant. The roots absorb the necessary elements (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sulfur, magnesium and iron, as well as boron, copper, zinc, manganese, molybdenum, etc.). For the procedure, we recommend the liquid fertilizer "BIOTECH", which also acts as a plant protection product to reduce the risk of fungal diseases. The solution is prepared in the ratio of 1 liter of fertilizer to 10-15 liters of water. Stand for 30 minutes. and removed from the solution. After draining the liquid, they are planted, preventing the roots from drying out.
2nd Stage: Soil processing and planting. The main advantage of planting grapes in autumn is the maintenance of optimum soil moisture in a natural way. Also, the advantage of planting in autumn is the earlier development of the plant in the spring and the low risk of fungal diseases. Planting vineyards in spring is a more common practice. It is best to plant grapes in the second half of March or early April. In an open area, since grapes are a photophilous culture. Further, on all soils, the same laying of nutrients is carried out: at the bottom of the pit - a height of 10 cm, put 15 - 20 liters of humus and fertile soil. Using the universal substrate "BIOTECH" "vermicompost" acts as a regulator of soil moisture and contains in an easily assimilable form of potassium and phosphorus, as well as a large amount of trace elements (magnesium, manganese, iron, sulfur, zinc, molybdenum, etc.). the soil will be provided with better aeration, the humus layer will increase, directly affecting its structure and fertility. It is important that the roots develop in the lower layers of the soil solution, since in winter the upper roots will begin to freeze, and this will prevent the death of the plant. Also, after planting, it is recommended to sprinkle a universal substrate around the seedling. The diameter of the circle is 35-40 cm. With the next watering and precipitation, this will keep moisture, keep the heat in the soil. Fertilizers for young vines are practically not required, enough that it was laid when planting - for the next 2 years it is provided with everything it needs. Only regular watering is needed. An adult bush must be fertilized with easily digestible ingredients. Top dressing with liquid BIOTECH fertilizer is carried out 4 times. 1. The first processing on the leaf - not earlier than 3 - 5 days before flowering. 2. Second spraying - 5 - 10 days after flowering. 3. Third spraying - with an interval of 15 days after the second treatment with the same composition. 4. The fourth treatment - 15 days before the ripening of the bunches and harvesting. Foliar dressing of grapes can give results in a few days, because some trace elements are absorbed through the leaf within the first minutes after spraying.
3rd Stage: Sheet processing. The first is carried out no earlier than 3–5 days before flowering. Such a measure will help improve the setting of berries on bunches and reduce shedding of flowers and ovaries. Top dressing is combined with the use of fungicides in order to prevent the development of pathogenic flora. In this case, the fertilizer will enhance the action of fungicides, since it is a good adherent. It is also compatible with insecticides and herbicides. If there are no prescriptions in the regulations of these drugs. Spraying dose: 1 liter of liquid fertilizer per 100 liters of water. Carry out processing (as in subsequent times) using a sprayer in calm weather, at a temperature of min. + 8 ° С, max. + 20 ° C. In the morning or evening. Nutrients enter directly through the leaf apparatus and are absorbed 10 times faster, helping the growth of green mass and root system. The longer the solution is on the leaves, the better the absorption of nutrients occurs. - The second spraying is carried out 5-10 days after flowering. The dosage is the same as for the first time. Spraying dose: 1 liter of liquid fertilizer per 100 liters of water. - Third spraying. It is carried out with an interval of 15 days after the second treatment with a similar composition. Spraying dose: 1 liter of liquid fertilizer per 100 liters of water. - Fourth treatment. It is carried out 15 days before the ripening of the bunches and harvesting. Spraying dose: 1 liter of liquid fertilizer per 100 liters of water. When used with herbicides, BIOTECH Liquid Fertilizer relieves stress on plants. Spraying dose: 1 liter of liquid fertilizer per 100 liters of water.